Puducherry is formerly known as Pondicherry, is a union territory of India. It is named after the largest district, Puducherry. Historically known as Pondicherry, the territory changed its official name to Puducherry on 20 September 2006.
Puducherry lies in the southern part of the Indian Peninsula. The areas of Puducherry district and Karaikal district are bound by the state of Tamil Nadu, while Yanam district and Mahe district are enclosed by the states of Andhra Pradesh and Kerala respectively. Puducherry is the 29th most populous and the third most densely populated of the states and union territories of India.
Its French legacy is preserved in its French Quarter, with tree-lined streets, mustard-colored colonial villas and chic boutiques. A seaside promenade runs along the Bay of Bengal and passes several statues, including a 4m-high Gandhi Memorial.
The earliest recorded history of Puducherry can be traced to the 2nd century AD. The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea mentions a marketplace named Poduke (ch 60). G. W. B. Huntingford suggested this might be a site about 2 miles from the modern Puducherry, which was possibly the location of Arikamedu . Huntingford noted that Roman pottery was found at Arikamedu in 1937. In addition, archaeological excavations between 1944 and 1949 showed that it was "a trading station to which goods of Roman manufacture were imported during the first half of the 1st century CE".
In 1674, Pondicherry became a French colony of the French colonial empire. Together with Chandernagor (already French since 1673), Mahe (since 1721), Yanam (Yanaon) (since 1731), Karaikal (since 1739) and Masulipatam (1760), it formed the French colony of French India, under a single French governor in Pondicherry, although French rule over one or more of these enclaves was repeatedly interrupted by British occupations. The territories of French India were completely transferred to the Republic of India de facto on 1 November 1954, and de jure on 16 August 1962, when French India ceased to exist, becoming the present Indian constituent union territory of Pondicherry, still combining four coastal enclaves.
Language And Culture
French is the official Language of Puducherry. Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam are also spoken by region wise. French didn't lose its official status even after the adoption of ""The Pondicherry Official Language Act 1965?. This act stated that ""the Tamil language shall be the language to be used for all or any of the official purposes of the Union territory"". It also provides for the use of the Malayalam and Telugu languages in the Mahe and Yanam districts. The law also states that English ""may be used for all or any of the official purposes of the Union territory"". As of today, still the official gazette of Puducherry is published with French.
The people of Puducherry are multi-national and multi-ethnic by nature and thus have a cosmopolitan culture but still they have a strong hold to the native tradition of the region. One of the characteristic feature native to the territory of Puducherry is that they have a diverse culture and thus resulting in a secular attitude. When it comes to the music and the dances of the people of Puducherry it is very visible picture of the extension of the southern styles of classical music and dance. The classic music mainly follows the southern style of Carnatic and the dance forms include Bharatnatyam and Kuchipudi.
Indian palm squirrel (Funambulus palmarum)
Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus)
Cannonball (Couroupita guianensis)
Bael fruit tree (Aegle marmelos)
4.Arulmigu Manakula Vinayagar Temple
How to Reach
The airport at Pondicherry can accommodate landing of a small aircraft only and has flights coming in from Bangalore and Hyderabad. However, you can get a connecting flight if you are coming from Delhi, Kochi, Kolkata and Mumbai. Chennai is the second nearest domestic as well as international airport which is approximately 135 kilometres away from Pondicherry. The Chennai airport is well connected to all major cities across the globe. Once you reach at the airport, you can hire a private taxi to reach Pondicherry.
Villupuram, the nearest railway station, is 35 km away. Villupuram is connected to Trichy (Tiruchirappalli), Madurai and Chennai by regular train services. Taxi services are available from Villupuram to Puducherry.
Pondicherry is best accessible by road, either by bus or by taxi. Private tourist buses ply from Chennai, Madurai and Bengaluru to Pondicherry. Busses also connect Pondicherry to Thanjavur, Trichy, Chidamabaram and Coimbatore. There are frequent buses, almost every 15 minutes from Koyembedu in Chennai. Express buses take three-and-half-hours to reach Pondicherry.